But here’s another wonder of the modern infectious disease era: a drug called Truvada.
Yet some people still believe that those with HIV will “seem sick,”—like having flu-like symptoms or lesions—so having sex with someone who seems perfectly healthy presents no risk. “Especially early on, there’s rarely an indication of infection,” says Dr. “That’s why it’s important to get tested if you’re sexually active and have multiple partners, or if you’re an IV drug user.
For instance, gay and bisexual men accounted for 70 percent of all new HIV infections in 2014, according to the CDC.
And some racial groups are more heavily affected, too, particularly African American and Hispanic.
On a basic level, most of us are familiar with HIV, the virus that can progress to AIDS.
HIV attacks your body’s immune system, especially your CD4 cells, which are vital to helping your body fight off infection.
People who use IV drugs are also a high-risk group since they can share needles, and even a small amount of blood from one person to the next can cause infection.