Nearby are towering mountains, rolling fields, thick forests and villages with fortified churches.
* The seven walled citadels populated by the Saxons of Transylvania were known in German as the Siebenbürgen. Organ concerts are held during the summer: June and September: Tuesday ( p.m.) July and August: Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday ( p.m.) Admission charge Brasov's famous landmark and Romania's leading gothic church, the Black Church towers over the Council Square and the old town.
Built in the 13th century, the house served as meeting place for the town councilors, known as centurions. The church windows have recently been fitted out with special UV-filtering glass to protect the 119 Anatolian carpets.
On top of the building sits the Trumpeter's Tower, used during the Middle Ages as a watchtower for warning the citadel inhabitants of approaching danger. Thankful to have survived their trips into the "barbaric" lands south and east of the Carpathians, German merchants donated the carpets to the church in the 17th and 18th centuries.
The location of the city at the intersection of trade routes linking the Ottoman Empire and western Europe, together with certain tax exemptions, allowed Saxon merchants to obtain considerable wealth and exert a strong political influence in the region.
This was reflected in the city's German name, Kronstadt, as well as in its Latin name, Corona, meaning Crown City (hence, the coat of arms of the city which is a crown with oak roots).
Follow the city wall southeast to the fairy-tale Catherine's Gate.Most work was done between 14, when outer and inner walls were erected, together with massive defense towers and gates.Part of the defensive wall, once 40 feet high, seven feet thick and two miles long, can still be seen today, though most was taken down in the 19th century to make room for the city's expansion.Of the original seven bastions, only a few have survived, including the newly renovated Graft Bastion, located in the middle of the citadel's northwest wing.On the west side of the wall, walk along picturesque Dupa Ziduri Street ) to catch a glimpse of the 15th century White and Black Towers.
The Weavers' Bastion can be admired on George Cosbuc Street.