The present demographic breakdown between the two denominations is difficult to assess and varies by source, but a good approximation is that 85–90% of the world's Muslims are Sunni Sunnis are a majority in most Muslim communities: in Southeast Asia, China, South Asia, Africa, and most of the Arab world.
Shia make up the majority of the citizen population in Iraq, Bahrain, Lebanon, Iran and Azerbaijan, as well as being a politically significant minority in Pakistan, Syria and Yemen.
The Jameel Gallery of Islamic Art at the Victoria & Albert Museum, London"Yet political turmoil in Israel, Gaza, Lebanon, Iraq and beyond only underlines the challenge of using the past to illuminate the present.
Put differently, can 400 carefully chosen objects, some dating to the 11th century, provide us with any fresh insight into what is happening in the Middle East today?
Another example is hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah, who is considered by Shias as the enemy of Ali.Shia theology has two concepts that define religion as a whole.There are Roots of Religion (Usūl al-Dīn) and Branches of Religion (Furu al Din).Pakistan is the second-largest Shia country in the world, with about 30 million population.Also potentially, there are as many Shias in India as there are in Iraq.
Sunni Islam and Shia Islam are the two major denominations of Islam.