Key Person(s) and Biographical Summary · Salvador Minuchin o Developed an approach, which addressed the chaotic structure found in families · Barulio Montalvo, Bernice Rosman, Marianne Walters Key Concepts · 3 constructs make up the components of this theory and describe how the family interacts: o Family Structure § Internal organization of invisible demands/codes by which the family operates and interact with one another o Family Subsystems § Components of the family structure, which are then defined by interpersonal boundaries and rules of membership § 3 Kinds: Spousal, parental, and sibling § Can be temporary like a father and son going to a ball game or long term such as parents and siblings o Boundaries § Invisible barriers that regulate contact between members § 3 Kinds · Rigid boundaries lead to a impermeable barriers between subsystems o This causes a disengaged family in which the subsystems are separate and distinct (psychological isolation) o Autonomy is maintained · Diffuse boundaries are excessively blurred and indistinct o There is little generational hierarchy and parents and kids easily trade roles o This system is referred to as being enmeshed in which the members are over involved in each other's lives o Members have difficulty developing relationships outside the system · Clearly defined boundaries between subsystems help maintain separateness yet at the same time emphasize connection to the family as a whole · Role of the therapist: o Therapist joins the family and takes a leadership position o Therapist ascertains the family's underlying structure o Therapist transforms family's structure · Therapeutic Process o Opening phase § Joining and accommodating § Working with interaction § Mapping structural patterns o Focusing on the underlying structure § Highlighting and modifying structure o Transformation of structure § Boundary making § Unbalancing § Reframing View of Pathology / Normality · Normality o There is no absence of problems, but just a functional family structure.
· Pathology o Structure fails to adjust to changing circumstances o Disengagement o Enmeshment Therapeutic Techniques · Accommodation - Automatically adjusting to accommodate the clients language, tone, or style · Tracking - Utilizing the symbols that are gathered through observations of the family, ex.
Selected Answer: Question 6 4 out of 4 points In solution-focused therapy, behavior change is viewed as the most effective approach to assisting people in enhancing their lives.
Selected Answer: Question 7 0 out of 4 points The postmodern philosophy suggests that reality and truth are objective and clearly defined.
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Quiz 6 Question 1 4 out of 4 points The postmodern view incorporates all of the following concepts except for the notion that: Selected Answer: Question 2 4 out of 4 points The role of the leader in solution-focused therapy groups is not: Selected Answer: Question 3 4 out of 4 points Which of the following statements about creating alternative stories is not true?
In structural family therapy, a facilitating intervention in which the family is induced to enact or play out its relationship patterns spontaneously during a therapeutic session, allowing the therapist to observe and ultimately to develop a plan or new set of rules for restructuring future transactions.
An assessment technique used by structural family therapists to graphically describe a familyâ€™s overall organizational structure and determine which subsystem is involved in dysfunctional transactions.
Selected Answer: Question 15 4 out of 4 points The techniques of joining, accommodating, unbalancing, tracking, and boundary making are most likely to be part of which approach to family therapy?Selected Answer: Question 16 4 out of 4 points Roger and his wife are experiencing tension in their relationship because he believes she is far too lenient with their children when they misbehave.This forces him to play the role of “bad cop” as a parent, which makes him angry.Selected Answer: Question 20 0 out of 4 points The goal of structural family therapy is to break down any hierarchical structure and replace it with equal relationships among all family members.Selected Answer: Question 21 4 out of 4 points A potential limitation of the family systems model is: Selected Answer: .
A therapeutic tactic associated with structural family therapy, in which the therapist deliberately attends to the symbols, style, language, and values of the family, using them to influence the familyâ€™s transactional patterns.